Vitamins are relatively low molecular weight, organic (organic) compounds, which are very small but essential to the body. Vitamins are involved in biochemical reactions, chains of enzymatic processes, but many of their functions have not yet been discovered. Vitamins are divided into fat-soluble and fat-insoluble vitamins. Some vitamins are formed in the intestine (pantothenic acid, biotin, folic acid, vitamin B12) or provitamin (vitamin A and vitamin D).
The XX. s. The second half of the many years of experience is that in addition to nutrients, minerals, and water that is energy, nutrition should contain other substances. In the absence of these, the living organism is either dying or dysfunctional in life functions, metabolic processes and digestive processes. Vitamins, these ancillary parts of food as separate biochemical groups, were named in 1912 by a Polish biochemist named Kazimierz Funk. In the order of discovery, vitamins C followed by vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin K, vitamin E, and finally vitamin B came first.